Monday, January 13, 2020
The police work of fighting crime is not on easy tack and requires many strategies, techniques and skills. To find the way to a certain problem police use their evidences to conduct a research to try to solve it. By experimenting their ideas they can find out if the curtain approach to the problem does work or doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t. The one of the advantages of evidence-based policing is that it design to help fight crime. Evidence-based policing is design to find the best available solution to the problem and give other police officers in other reagents the information on how to deal with that problem. It creates certain rules and guidelines for the low enforcement agencies. There are defiantly some disadvantages to the evidence-based policing. One of them is usage of opinions, because evidence-based policing is strictly based on evidence it takes away importance of people involvement. If people can not express their opinion they lose interest and involvement. Another two disadvantages of evidence-based policing in mi opinion that police experiments are expensive and might take a long time to conduct. One of the examples that I was able to find on line is called The Flint Experiment. That experiment was conducted in 1977 and the goal of that experiment according to the NationalÃ Center for Community Policing was to decrease the amounts of criminal activities and to increase the citizenÃ¢â¬â¢s perception of personal safety. The process of that experiment consisted of police officers patrolling the streets and not only fighting crime but also involving themselves in a community programs. That act of involvement in the community has resulted in decrease of the crime rates by 8.7 percent. Another result of Evidence-Based Policing that experiment is that citizens has started to handling minor problems by themselves which resolved in less calls of the citizens to the police. That allowed police to concentrate on more major problems. The second experiment that I found is called Kansas City Gun Experiment. The goal of that experiment was to reduce crime by seizures of illegal guns. The result of the experiment has shown according to US Department of Justice crime in those areas was reduced by 69 percent which shows the effectiveness of the experiment. References National Center for Community Policing,The Impact of Foot Patrol on Black and White Perceptions of Policing .Robert C. Trojanowicz, Retrieved on January 27, 2010. From : http://www1.cj.msu.edu/~people/cp/impact.html Office of Justice Programs. Kansas City Gun Experiment Ã¢â¬â Kansas City, MO Retrieved on January 26, 2010. From:http://www.ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/pubs/ gun_violence/profile20.html Schmalleger, F. S. (2009). CRJ100: Criminal justice today: An introductory text for the 21stcentury (10th ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Ã¢â¬ËI became what I am today at the age of twelve, on a frigid overcast day in the winter of 1975, I remember the precise moment, crouching behind a crumbling mud wall, peeking into the alley near the frozen creek. That was a long time ago, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s wrong what they say about the past, IÃ¢â¬Ëve learned, about how you can bury it. Because the past claws its way out. Looking back now, I realize I have been peeking into that deserted alley for the last-twenty-six years. This is the beginning of a famous book, The Kite Runner, written by Khaled Hosseini, a world-known writer who was born in Afghanistan in 1965. This book gives me lots of surprise when I devoted all myself into it. Hosseini wrote many interesting and meaningful books such as A thousand splendid sun and And the mountain echoed which can be best describe the impoverished life in Afghanistan that time. The humanity, Love, and the sin caused by the Taliban, that is just the epitome in HosseiniÃ¢â¬â¢s bookÃ¢â¬âthe kite runner. The story happened in a rich family beyond the city of Kabul. Amir was the descendant of this rich family. He has a very good friend named Hassan who is also the servant in his mansion. Hassan was a very honest person who will devote all himself to help Amir. There is one famous game around Afghanistan called The Kite Competition. Amir is a skilled kite fighter who can always beat others kites in the competition and on the contrary, Hassan is a really talented kite runner who will always find the falling kiteShow MoreRelatedThe Kite Runner, by Khaled Hosseini883 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesregret from past encounters and usually feel guilty and bitter about the situation. The Kite Runner, by Khaled Hosseini, revolves around the theme of redemption. Redemption can be used as a cure for guilt. Throughout the novel, the author shows that redemption requires some sort of sacrifice and the only way that is possible is if you can forgive yourself from the mistakes you have made in the past. Khal ed Hosseini effectively portrays redemption through motifs such as rape, irony and flashbacks, symbolismRead MoreThe Kite Runner By Khaled Hosseini1651 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ Ã Ã The novel Ã¢â¬Å"The Kite RunnerÃ¢â¬ by Khaled Hosseini describes the life of a boy, Amir. AmirÃ¢â¬â¢s best friend and brother (although that part isnÃ¢â¬â¢t known until towards the end), Hassan, plays a major role in AmirÃ¢â¬â¢s life and how he grows up. Hosseini portrays many sacrifices that are made by Hassan and Amir. Additionally, Amir seeks redemption throughout much of the novel. By using first person point of view, readers are able to connect with Amir and understand his pain and yearning for a way to be redeemedRead MoreThe Kite Runner By Khaled Hosseini1655 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSarah Singer Major Works Data Form Title: The Kite Runner Author: Khaled Hosseini Date of Publication: 2003 Genre: Historical Fiction Historical information about the period of publication: Since the September 11th attacks in 2001, the United States has been at war with Afghanistan. Their goals were to remove the Taliban, track down those in charge of the attacks, and destroy Al-Qaeda. Biographical information about the author: Khaled Hosseini was born in Kabul, Afghanistan, in 1965. HIs motherRead MoreThe Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini1098 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini, we learn a lot about Amir the main character, and Hassan his servant/brother. In the beginning Hassan and AmirÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship was one of brotherly love despite the fact that Hassan was a Hazara and Amir a Pashtun. Back in the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s race and religion played a big part in Kabul and these two races were not suppose to have relationships unless it was owner (Pashtun) and servant (Hazara). Baba AmirÃ¢â¬â¢s father had an affair with HassanÃ¢â¬â¢s mother, but it was kept aRead MoreThe Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini1313 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesis not unique to just J.K. Rowling. Khaled Hosseini also incorporates life experiences into some of his novels. A prime example of this is The Kite Runner. The storyline of this novel reflects his past to create a journey of a young Afghanistan boy, whose name is Amir. This boy changes drastically throughout his lifetime from a close minded, considerably arrogant boy to an open hearted and minded man. This emotional and mental trip is partially based on Khaled HosseiniÃ¢â¬â¢s own life. Throughout HosseiniÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreThe Kite Runner By Khaled Hosseini1908 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesÃ¢â¬â¹In the novel, Ã¢â¬Å"The Kite RunnerÃ¢â¬ , written by Khaled Hosseini, was taken place in Afghanistan during the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s to the year of 2002. Many historical events happened during this time period and Hosseini portrayed it into his novel. Kabul, the capitol of Afghanistan, was a free, living area for many Afghanistan families to enjoy the life they were given. Until one day, Afghanistan was then taken over and attacked. In the novel, Amir, the protagonist, must redeem himself and the history behind his actionsRead MoreThe Kite Runner By Khaled Hosseini1050 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"There is a way to be good again.Ã¢â¬ (Hosseini 334). This quote given by Rahim Khan to Amir holds a great amount of force and symbolism. In theory, this quote symbolizes the beginning of AmirÃ¢â¬â¢s path to redemption. The eye-opening Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini tells about the struggles of Afghanistan before and during the Taliban, and oneÃ¢â¬â¢s struggle for redemption and acceptance. With regards to the opening quote, some see AmirÃ¢â¬â¢s actions as selfish. However, others may believe that Amir truly changedRead MoreThe Kite Runner By Khaled Hosseini1583 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesnovel the Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini, Amir, the main character, shares his thoughts and actions due to his poor decisions. The problems he encountered were all because of the sin committed in his youth. His sins taunted the beginning of his life and gave him a troublesome memory full of guilt. As the novel continued, Amir attempted to disengage the memory of his sin and forget about it. Amir then faced the long bumpy road to redemption. Khaled HosseiniÃ¢â¬â¢s novel the Kite Runner is about sinRead MoreThe Kite Runner, by Khaled Hosseini871 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthat person is trying to fix that mistake. This also applies to the novel The Kite Runner. The story revolves around the main character Amir, and his childhood friend, Hassan. After Amir came to America with Baba, his father, he still regrets the things he had done to his childhood friend. He left Hassan getting raped by Assef in a small alley in 1975. Thereafter, Amir always feel regret and seeks for redemption. Hosseini -the author, argues that redemption can be achieved by helping others, teachRead MoreThe Kite Runner By Khaled Hosseini3402 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagestitle Ã¢â¬Å"The Kite RunnerÃ¢â¬ is symbolic as fighting kites and the kite runnings are impacting moments in the novel. Hassan was the best kite runner in Kabul, if not the whole country, after Amir won the kite fighting the running of that last blue kite triggered the monumental changes for Amir. For the beginning of the story the kite running was associated with HassanÃ¢â¬â¢s rape and AmirÃ¢â¬â¢s grief. As kites appear throughout the story, they begin AmirÃ¢â¬â¢s story and also end it. Amir flying the kite with Sohrab
Saturday, December 28, 2019
Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 831 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2019/07/02 Category Society Essay Level High school Tags: Planned Parenthood Essay Did you like this example? According to the article, Everyone Wins When Birth Control Is Free the author states, If youre a fiscal conservative who wants fewer abortions and more self-sufficient citizens, why dont you support the government providing access to free birth control(Laura Chapin). Depending on an individuals health insurance prices are different, rather you qualify for Medicaid or government programs. Birth control pills can cost between $0-$50 for most brands that are one pill pack that usually last a month.The Affordable Care Act allows individuals to get free or pay a low amount for birth control pills. For those who do not have health insurance also have options. Such as income and legal status in the U.S. that may allow them to qualify for assistances. The individuals that can not afford to purchase birth control have assistance with Planned parenthood. They assist with a federal funding program by the name Title x (10) a supplement birth control program GYN care for health care services that can not pay the full price. It also grants the right for family planning services so that families with no income can get reduced rates. The riot regarding free birth control pills is mainly the cost and having access to it. All health care services should provide all birth control free for patients; this will reduce abortions and unintended pregnancies. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Everyone Wins When Birth Control is Free" essay for you Create order Abortion is a medical or surgical way to end an existing pregnancy. In the article, Free Birth Control Leads to Fewer Abortions, the author states, Free birth control led to dramatically lower rates of abortions and teen births (Free Birth Control Leads to Fewer Abortion). Many poor women and others who did not have insurance were given a choices between the birth control pill, IUD, or matchstick sized implant with no charge. The pill is a medicine you take everyday while, the IUD and matchstick sized implant can last up to 3 to 5 years and is inserted into your body. When birth control was free for these women they immediately took advantage of this and got some form of birth control. There was also lower abortion rates when this medication was free due to medical insurances and health benefits. If the program increased, one abortion could be prevented for every 79 to 137 women given a free choice of birth control. Although, having no cost birth control helps decrease birth control, it also decreases unintended pregnancies. An unintended pregnancy is a pregnancy that is unwanted, the best way to prevent this is to use some type of birth control and also use protection. According to the article, Unintended Pregnancy Prevention the author states, Unintended pregnancy mainly results from not using contraception, or inconsistent or incorrect use of effective contraceptive methods (US Department of Health Human Services). Many pregnancy around the world are unintended due to not being on some form of birth control because of its expenses.Women that have unintended pregnancy delay prenatal care and could risk problems for the baby and the mom. Pregnancies that were unintended was the highest among teenagers, to improve unintended pregnancy, contraception should free to everyone. In the article, Declines in Teen Pregnancy Risk Entirely Driven by Improved Contraceptive Use, the author states, Improvement in contraceptive use have led a drop in the risk of pregnancy among U.S adolescents aged 15-19 (Rebecca Wind). Many teenager became pregnant because they had trouble getting birth control or their partner did not want to use contraceptives. Increasing the use of contraceptive improves teen pregnancy and the rates has decreased over the years. Teens increased use of contraceptive indicates their increase in protecting themselves from unexpected pregnancies. These increases in use of contraceptive has driven the recent declines in abortion rates and unintended pregnancies. Many people think that birth control should not be free to all patients. I see where you are coming from but not all patients insurance cover birth control. Birth control costs between $0-100 for people who health insurance do not cover these expenses, depending on the type of birth control you and your doctor agree to use. Many females cant afford to pay for birth control monthly. Females who cannot afford birth control risk getting pregnant and sometimes get an abortion because they are not financially stable for a child. This is another reason as to why birth control should be free to all patients and this will also decrease unintended pregnancies and abortion rates will soon decrease. Increasing the use of birth control will reduce abortion rates and unintended pregnancies. Some health care providers do not cover birth control, therefore patients has to pay these expenses out of pocket and sometimes cant afford them. Many patients that cannot pay for these expenses become pregnant without trying and sometime get an abortion because they are not stable enough for a child. Many teens has the highest rate of unexpected pregnancies due to not being on birth control. Birth control should be free to everyone to decrease abortion and unintended pregnancy rates.
Friday, December 20, 2019
Chris Day October 20, 2005 Sociology 3365-001: Ethnic Minorities in America Systematic Racism of Native Americans One of the darkest subject matters in United States history is the governments policy toward Native Americans. When European settlers first landed in North America they depended on Native Americans to give them food, trade for skins, and teach them how to gather food. Without the help of friendly Native Americans the possibility of any colony surviving, much less thriving, would be virtually impossible. However, once the colonies were self-dependent the colonists felt like they had a God given right to the land that the very people who helped them survive lived upon. Since that time Native Americans have been pushed offÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Both of these examples are de-humanizing to Native Americans because the opposite is true. Native Americans have always had very tight knight family groups, they are accepting of everyone in their tribe including the young and old, members native to other tribes, and even homosexuals. The belief that they are barbaric is just an opinion; this isnt any different than the belief that Christians were wrong when Christianity was first established, yet the Christians of this time were not accepting of another religion (despite the fact that one reason for coming to North America was religious freedom). Another de-humanizing example of Native Americans is the way they are depicted in movies and films, especially old Westerns. The way they are portrayed in these movies is the same way many people unaware of Native culture still view them. Their dress is one inaccurate portrayal of Native Americans. Every Native American in a movie is either wearing a full tribal headdress, or some other sort of feather attire. Basically it all amounts to all tribes being considered to dress the same, when they actually had different attire and forms of dress including forms of presentation, and different types of jewelry. Another stereotype used in these movies is the assumption that all Native Americans live in teepees. This again points to the fact that all Native cultures were grouped together and viewed as the same. Yet another example ofShow MoreRelatedRacism And The Pursuit Of Happiness Essay1547 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThroughout the history of America, racism has been a major issue. The matter of racism has created a divide amongst many Americans and that divide continues to exist to this day. The United States has always taken pride in being recognized as the melting pot of the world. Although one downfall to having so many different cultures concentrated in one area is that there is a high probability that those cultures will clash. In return, this creates conflict and prejudices towards one another. On theRead MoreRacism Paper1548 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAaron Riehle March 30, 2011 Racism Paper Prof. Thompson Racism is the systematic oppression and exploitation of human beings on the basis of their belonging to a particular racial group or people. Ã¢â¬Å"SystematicÃ¢â¬ indicates that we must look at the status of the group as a whole, and not at those few individuals who may have climbed a Ã¢â¬Å"ladder of successÃ¢â¬ in the white society. The word Ã¢â¬Å"systematicÃ¢â¬ also connotes practices and policies which are pervasive, regardless of whether they are intentionalRead MoreAmerican Imperialism : America s Quest For Dominance1223 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescontinued encroachment against the native population. It started off with the need of survival and it continued until the destruction of an entire people and culture was nearly complete. Soon, after the civil war Americans began pushing west in the name of Ã¢â¬Å"manifest destiny, the belief that the United States had a Ã¢â¬ËGod-givenÃ¢â¬â¢ right to aggressively spread the values of white civilization and expand the nation fr om ocean to oceanÃ¢â¬ (Roark 14). This is the start of American imperialism that lasted over aRead MoreAfrican People s Fight For Independence And Racial Equality Essay1240 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Racism The definition of racism is the belief that all members of each race possess characteristics or abilities specific to that race, especially to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race or races. Nelson Mandela an iconic figure for the black movement once said Ã¢â¬Å"No one is born hating another person because of the color of his skin, or his background, or his religion. People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturallyRead MoreArgumentative Essay On Racism1710 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRacism is the belief that one race is superior to another. Discrimination has been going on for generations among generations. Many years ago people of different races were divided from each other. Public places were segregated. Colored people had to use specific water fountains, schools were segregated, and blacks had to sit at the back of the buses. If they were to disobey then there would be consequences and repercussions. Equality was a figment of imagination, a dream the the minority groupsRead MoreRacial Profiling : The United States Essay1326 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesprivilege towards its Ã¢â¬Å"nativeÃ¢â¬ people yet not all Ã¢â¬Å"nativesÃ¢â¬ are greatly loved in the country as Neil Foley, author of Becoming Hispanic: Mexican Americans and Whiteness, states, Ã¢â¬Å" Blacks are inside American culture but...remain alienated and estranged from the domain of White power and privilege.Ã¢â¬ (Foley 50). Foley concludes that African Americans are not in away strangers to the American culture yet are pushed away and held back because of their color of skin. African Americans have helped shapedRead MoreRacism : Systematic Desensitization And Racism Essay1440 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesInjustice: Systematic Desensitization to Racism The history of America has long been viewed by itsÃ¢â¬â¢s occupants as one of perseverance despite great odds. We take pride in fighting for democracy and promoting freedom around the world. But, at home these tenants of democracy, equal rights and freedom are all relative; to race, gender and class. The Bill of rights offers some insight into who we should be as a nation; while reminding us of who we have not yet become. AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"idÃ¢â¬ has always beenRead MoreRacism : A Long Way Down The American History1426 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWalter English 121 November 15, 2015 Racism goes a long way down the American history. It came as a result of slavery which began in 1619 when African slaves were brought to Jamestown, Virginia, which was an American colony in the North, to help in producing crops such as tobacco. Slavery was then a common practice in all American colonies through the 17th and 18th centuries, where African slaves helped in building the economic foundations of the now American nation. Slavery was then spread to theRead MoreWomen s Rights : Women Of Color Organize For Reproductive Justice By Jael Silliman1326 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSince the dawn of American culture, women have been oppressed. Due to inequalities in the hierarchy of social power, women have been targeted for discrimination. However, women have not sat quietly and let the Ã¢â¬Å"manÃ¢â¬ dictate their lives. Through movement raised through women of all cultures, change has come to all American women. Racism, homophobia and classism created hardships for the American women who rebled through reproductive justice organizations, anarcho-syndicalism, and embracement of theirRead MoreRacism : A Theological Reflection1580 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRacism: A Theological Reflection Racism is a persistent issue directly threatening the values and teachings of Catholic theology and humanities advancement towards unity and peace. A destructive ideology such as racism debunks the entire foundation from which Catholicism is built. Catholicism follows the life and teachings of Jesus and the idea of solidarity, one of seven principals of Catholic Social Teaching; preaching for a single human family despite any national, racial, ethnic, economic, or
Thursday, December 12, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Revenue Generation Capacity and Operating. Answer: Introduction: Woolworths is mainly identified as one of the largest and biggest company Australia, which directly revolve in retailing industry. Furthermore, the company was established in 1924, where the company started with stores all around Melbourne, Sydney, Perth, and Brisbane. The company's operations for the period mainly resulted in accumulation of more and more stores and multiplex, which led to higher income. The company from 1970 have been provide adequate discount department stores, which helped in attracting more and more customers into their vicinity. The company in the current scenario is facing irrelevant launched in 2016 of 1.2 million dollars.Nevertheless, in 2017 the overall financial statement indicated a profit of 1.5 million dollars. This relevant decline in profit was mainly due to the reduction in revenue generation capacity and operating income of the organisation Furthermore, in Australia Woolworths is mainly identified as one of the biggest retailers with an overall empl oyee strength of 202,000. Different types of wishing that is currently being rude Bible words under the supermarket, which is used in increasing revenue how are you feel it. However, in 2017 the overall revenue directly increased, which indicates in improvement in operational feasibility of the company (Woolworthsgroup.com.au, 2017). Woolworths CEO is Brad Banducci and Chairman Gordon Cairns, which helped in improving operational capability of the organisation. Woolworths under the leadership was able to withstand loss of 1.2 billion and generate a 1.5 million in revenues the next fiscal year. Growth prospects of the company: WOOLWORTHS LTD Growth rate Fiscal year ends in June. 2016-06 2017-06 Revenue -4.26% -4.47% Cost of revenue -3.76% -6.88% Gross profit -5.60% 2.12% Operating expenses Sales, General and administrative 212.40% 1.55% Other operating expenses -66.53% -17.77% Total operating expenses 5.85% -2.97% Operating income -56.35% 56.80% Interest Expense -3.61% -21.17% Other income (expense) -1.25% -12.00% Income before income taxes -55.68% 56.84% Provision for income taxes -44.16% 25.20% Minority interest -12843.02% 105.38% Other income -12843.02% 105.38% Net income from continuing operations -60.70% 76.41% Net income from discontinuing ops 103.49% Other 12843.02% -105.38% Net income -157.54% 224.19% Net income available to common shareholders -157.54% 224.19% From the evaluation of the above table the growth rate of Woolworths could be identified, which represents the profits that was made by the organisation in 2017 in comparison to 2016. There is a relevant shift ok 224.19% in net income of Woolworths, which indicates the overall control of financial damage conducted by the organisation. However, a relevant decline in revenue half moon words could be identified from the above table, which directly indicates that company's overall sales value declined in 2017. The gross profit rules by 2.12% indicating the profitability, which might increase returns from operation. Previously in 2016 the gross profit was negative 5.6%, while in 2017 it rules to positive 2.12%, which directly indicates the relevant measures taken by the organisation to control marriage. There is different SWOT of Woolworth, which could be identified for detecting viability of the project. Strength Being the market leader in Australia Reducing the expense on packaging Being a well known investor Woolworths is mainly identified that Well now re1tail wet 800 stores and 202,000 employees. Strong brand name and high valuations. Opportunity Using adequate promotion such as advertisements, sponsorship to increase the overall retune from investment. In addition, the company could directly use the franchising models and strategic acquisitions method to improve its assets calculation and generate higher return from investment. Weakness Operations of the competitors are relatively high, which is constantly threading the expenses of Woolworths The company has established its online activities, which led to the presence in the online market at very slow pace Threats Rising cost in materials and other products that are demanded by the consumer. Increment in internal competition, which could hamper growth of Woolworths The evaluation of the above SWOT analysis table mainly represents the current the company operation is adequate but is not able to compete with internal companies. Hence, the other measures need to be conducted, which might help in generating higher returns. The overall SWOT analysis could mainly help in identifying the overall future prospects the company. However, in future the company is mainly goofing to face competition due to the involvement of international players in Australia. This could directly increase threat opportunity of the company and generate higher return from investment. Therefore, in the current circumstance the company is not facing any dire consequences. Nevertheless, the future growth of the company overall growth prospect in very low due to the competition imposed by international retailers (Bloomberg.com, 2017). Reference and Bibliography: Bloomberg.com. (2017).Woolworths Limited: Private Company Information - Bloomberg.Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 15 October 2017, from https://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=874687 Woolworthsgroup.com.au. (2017).Woolworthsgroup.com.au. Retrieved 15 October 2017, from https://www.woolworthsgroup.com.au/page/about-us/our-brands/supermarkets/Woolworths
Wednesday, December 4, 2019
Question: Discuss about theWelspun Group of Companies. Answer: Introduction Welspun group is one of the largest and fastest growing conglomerates of India and is a company of $3 billion (Cavusgil, et al., 2011). It is involved in many sectors like steel, energy and infrastructure and have an established product range in different sectors like pipes, textiles and plates coils. It is a company expanded firmly in more than 50 countries, employing about 24000 people and having more than 100000 shareholders. ChallengesFaced and Swot Analysis Challenges As the group took its path towards success and globalization, challenges started showing up so as to bring the brand down. The path towards globalization was not so smooth but according to the people working under Mr. BK Goenka, the company overcame all the challenges and progressed towards success. There were many challenges faced by the company, some of them are mentioned below: From all the challenges the one that came first is the problem of faith. All the foreign buyers were in great dilemma about the product and quality of the product produced by an Indian based company (Cavusgil, et al., 2014). Second is the layers of middlemen between the company and its foreign clients as the middlemen reduce the margin of profit of the company and also intrudes in the direct communication between the clients and the company. Third most important part is the penetration in market. As the culture of company is different from the foreign markets, so it faced some problem due to the cross culture business (Singh., 2015:60-61). In different countries it faced different problems regarding the political, cultural and legislative differences. Fourth one is a various serious challenge which the company has to face and that is the attrition of many of the senior executives ("Welspun Group Faces Top-Level Executives Attrition"., 2010). According to the results of some of the interviews and survey, it is showed that most of them left due to job dissatisfaction. Swot Analysis Strengths Domestic markets are the main factors for the success of the company (Mathur and Mathur., 2009). The company got monetary assistance from many sources. Its sales and distribution network is very strong. The company has many powerful strategies to overcome the market penetration barriers. Weaknesses The competition is very high ("Welspun Group SWOT Analysis., 2016). Debt rating for the future is high Opportunities The company has huge opportunities to grow. Threats Low profit range Fluctuating economy Cash flow Competitors Politics and laws of government. Sustainability From many researches it can be seen that the group is growing at a high rate since the last two decades. It has expanded in many countries along with providing a high range of employment. It is adding a huge amount to the economy of the company and also to the development of the country. According to the CEO of the Welspun Group, the high growth of the company is going to sustain for a long term due to some of the most successful sectors of the group (Rau., N.A). There are many key factors which are contributing to the success of the company and helping it to move high up. Some of them are: Cost Leadership: The Company has tried its best to have the cost leadership in all its sectors among its competitors. It has introduced many products in low cost but without any lack in the quality of the product. For example Welspun is expertise in constructing tough in-house designs with great engineering at low cost (Pathak and Singh., 2010). Quality of Product: The quality of the products of the company is the major key factor for the success of the company. As at the starting many company were having the faith problem as Welspun was an Indian based company but with the course of time all trusted the company mainly for its quality. Strong Execution: Welspun has the capability to commit to its client as it has the ability to fulfil the commitment. It has an experienced team of employees and management which are capable of turning the promise to reality in the given amount of time and budget. Innovation: Welspun keeps on experimenting on the market by introducing new innovative and attractive products so as to increase the customer base. Growth Startegy as Role Model The company rose high up in the success scale in a short period of time. The company mainly focused on the two main strategies to grow and those are Geographical strategy and Product diversification strategy (Khan., et al., 2009:57-82). According to these strategy, the company explored all the suitable markets which can be helpful to start their market and entered all the emerging markets along with that they also introduced new products as well as old products in a new way to the market. Talking about the role model strategy, yes, other companies can make this strategy of growth as their role model for success but that to be in special conditions. Some of them are: Joint venture: If the company is in a joint venture with other company or it is planning to go for joint ventures. Having ownership specifications: If the company can get the advantages of having ownership specifications as it can make it more reliable to success than others. Location Specifications: If the company is in favorable condition and can get more advantage as compared to other locations can follow this strategy. Globalization: If the company is having a strong network for globalization. Conclusion From the above study we can conclude that, Welspun is one of the largest group of companies which is growing at a high rate and doing its best to maintain its position. It has been expanding its brand name in about 50 countries. The path towards globalization was not so smooth but according to the people working under Mr. BK Goenka, the company overcame all the challenges and progressed towards success. Some of the challenges are faith, middleman, leaving of executive level employees and market penetration barriers. It has the highest rate of sustainability due to many factors. The company mainly focused on the two main strategies to grow and those are Geographical strategy and Product diversification strategy. References Cavusgil, S.T., Knight, G., Riesenberger, J.R., Rammal, H.G. and Rose, E.L., 2014. International business. Pearson Australia. Cavusgil, S.T., Rammal, H. and Freeman, S., 2011. International business: the new realities. Pearson Higher Education AU. Khan, S.R., Dhar, D., Navaid, M., Pradhananga, M., Siddique, F., Singh, A. and Yanthrawaduge, S., 2009. The Readymade Garment Sector in India. In Export Success and Industrial Linkages (pp. 57-82). Palgrave Macmillan US. Mathur, P.M.K.K.M. and Mathur, S.S.M.N.N., 2009. New Horizons in Indian Management. Gyan Publishing House. Pathak, P. and Singh, A., 2010. Solar Power as a Source of Ecologically Sustainable Growth in Rajasthan. Rau, R.H.G., Lean Six Sigma. Singh, R., 2015. India's renewable energy targets: How to overcome a $200 billion funding gap. Renewable Energy Focus, 16(4), pp.60-61. "Welspun Group Faces Top-Level Executives Attrition". timesofindia-economictimes. N.p., 2010. Web. 13 Aug. 2016. "Welspun Group SWOT Analysis - Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats Of Welspun Group. Find 100,000 More Reports And SWOT". Swotanalysis24.com. N.p., 2016. Web. 13 Aug. 2016.
Thursday, November 28, 2019
Sharing File sharing started with tapes In the sasss and Cads In the sasss but file sharing did not gain mainstream attention until Anapest was Invented by Shawn Fanning In 1999. Anapest, the first large scale Illegal file sharing program, was a peer to peer (PEP) program which allows users to trade files from one computer to another through a central program. Once Anapest was released, It Immediately gained Disappeared popularity. Anapest was shut down In 2001 after the Recording Industry Association of America (ARIA) sued Anapest and won on the grounds of copyright Infringement (Janssen, Bendable, and Vender Bake 77). Since Anapest was shut down, there have been many programs that have arisen to take its place that do the lob faster and more efficiently such as Limier and Bitterroot (Jones 289). This has caused a major problem in global CD sales; According to criminology doctor Richard lanes, CD sales have dropped from 2. We will write a custom essay sample on Benefits and File Sharing or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page 5 billion sales in 2000 to 1. Billion sales in 2006, this has cost the record industry billions. Although this does not sound good, this information can be taken two ways: first, PEP programs should be done away with completely because they are harming the traditional way the music industry distributes music. Another way to look at this information is that technology is changing and in order to keep up, both record labels and artists need to embrace advances in technology to make changes to create a new, more profitable music industry. Although file sharing has been attacked in the recent past, there is much solid evidence that file sharing should not be done away with completely. There are many ways that PEP can be beneficial, we should not be so quick to criticize file haring, but instead, look at the benefits of file sharing and how it can be used to aid music distribution. MPH, short for MPEG-I Audio Layer-3, was invented In 1987 as a way to make high quality copies of music files that use considerably less space than traditional Cads and Is now the most used music file type.Where a song on a CD would take up 30-40 MBA, a MPH of the same son would only take 3 MBA. The MPH file Is used by file sharing orgasm because it is able to be copied quickly and efficiently Oneness, Bendable, and Vender Bake 90). There are several different types of PEP file sharing software; en type Is a File Transfer Protocol (FTP). An FTP Is a central server where users can upload their own files and the location of the files are stored so others can download the file. The problem with this type of software Is If the central server Is unavailable for some reason, then no one Is able to download any files because the locations are gone (Jones 289). Another type of PEP software is the Neutral system which is more decentralized than the traditional FTP. When the Neutral system is installed, the program looks for other computers (about 6) that are also running the program. When a search is either be downloaded or the request can forwarded to other computers using the program. Some applications that use this system include Limier, Breathers, Poisoned, and Acquisitions.One of the newest, most popular file sharing programs is torrent. Bitterroot is similar to the Neutral system but it is superior in some Nays; first of all, Bitterroot allows the user to download large amounts of files in a relatively short period of time. The software breaks down the file in small chunks and the users does not have to download the file in order. It rewards those who upload ore and also allows others to start downloading parts of the file that are already downloaded by one user even if the whole file is not yet downloaded.This makes torrent a very fast and efficient way of transferring files Cones 290). Although illegal file sharing has hurt record companies, there are very good reasons why PEP should not be struck down completely. Oneness, Bendable, and Vender Bake 90). First of all, when record labels attack PEP programs, it discourages Inventors from making new developments because there is a fear of getting in trouble with ones invention (Marks 23). In 1984, Sony produced the first VS. which allowed the user to record TV shows.Universal Studios saw this as copyright and sued Sony for copyright infringement arguing that Sony was equipping customers to infringe on copyright laws (Landau 155). In the end, in a mere 5-4 ruling, the court ruled that Sony should not be responsible for how the end user uses the device. If the court would have ruled the VS. illegal in the Sony vs.. Universal City Studios case, then we would not have some of the technological developments we have today such as DVDs, the pod, or Tivoli because they are all able to aid in copyright infringement 1156). As Paul Marks says in his article, Media Empires Gang Up on Internet File Sharers, If you want a vibrant technology sector, you let innovators invent without forcing them to beg permission from media moguls (Marks 23). PEP programs have many uses other than those used illegally. PEP is a global information storage and trading system; it is not centrally controlled so there cannot be one point of failure; it is fast, safe, and secure (In Praise of PEP 35). PEP connects computers to each other in order to share resources efficiently.PEP offers a fast, efficient way for the user to share personal pictures, audio files, videos, and comments (Marks, 23). There are many companies including the Army, Keep, and many more who use PEP programs to increase productivity. The Army is using this technology to improve communication on the battlefield by having radios connect to each other; Keep uses PEP to connect computers together to transfer calls; Groove Networks uses PEP to create shared work spaces so employees can work together online PEP has these uses and many other companies are beginning to use this new, innovative technology (In Praise of PEP 36). There are many factors that could be to blame when it comes to file sharing. One main reason is the high availability and easiness of illegal file sharing. It has been proven that those who download most are young college students. One reason why illegal downloading is such a problem is because in the minds of some if it is on the internet and it is easy to obtain, then it is free. There is no physical property that is being changed hands and more than one person can posses the file at once so it is not stealing (Landau 150).Another reason for the increase in file sharing is the recent commit file sharing, the price of Cads rose over 7 percent between 1999 and 2001 lone Oneness Bendable, and Vender Bake 80). Copyright laws were originally created to provide incentive for authors to create and to provide the public with as much public product as possible (Landau 150). We have not been able to gain the full benefits of technology mostly because copyright laws are old and outdated (Welsh 1526). Copyright laws are too complex and ambiguous and therefore they increase costs by supporting an outdated music industry (1527).With current copyright laws, there are actually two parts to a song: the physical music composition, which is the combination of notes and lyrics, and the mound recording, which is the recorded version including any performances (Keenan 354). Terry McBride, CEO of the record label, Network Music Group, offered to pay the legal bills for a Texas father who was being sued by the ARIA for file sharing. McBride says the Arias litigation policy has no upside. It is destroying our ability to monotone the PEP market by chasing music fans farther and farther underground. He has the goal to stop all litigation against music fans for 4 basic reason: first, because of the rapid growth of the internet and broadband penetration, current litigati on are causing music fans to use technologies that are not traceable, therefore we are not deterring file sharing, we are deterring our chances of monitoring it. Second, we have been trading music ever since the asss when one would create a mix tape. Third, these file sharers are exposing new bands and making them more popular with little to no mainstream support.Lastly, CD sales are not down because of file sharing but because there is more competition from other formats, digital distribution allows the consumer to only purchase certain songs they like, and current music retailers now only carry top hits (McBride 4). The music industry has made several changes away from the traditional way of selling music. With the emergence of the internet and PEP downloading sites, hysterical music stores are becoming outdated and obsolete. The music industry has moved away from this traditional ways of selling physical Cads in music stores to using online distribution sites such as tunes.The music industry did not have very much success with online music distribution until Apple invented tunes in 2003. Downloaded tracks rose from 160 million units in 2004 to 795 million units in 2006. Online music sales meet the desires of some costumers to only buy single songs rather than whole Cads. After Legal online music services started, revenue for the record industry rose from $397 million in 2004 to $2 billion in 2006 Oneness, Bendable, and Vender Bake 92). Even with the music industry beginning to use alternative methods of distribution, they are still falling behind.Global record sales have been on a constant decline ever since Anapest has invented in 1999 (80). In order to maintain profits, artists and the music industry need to make a change. According to James Welsh, the executive article editor of the Emory Law Journal, the current system is broken and there are two basic reasons why: first, the major record labels have a monopoly; 85% of the market is controlled by the few major record labels and this is at a cost to the artists. Secondly, the record industry is too Inflexible and conservative with regards to technology.It neither exploits technology (Welsh 1521). Welsh claims that instead of illegal file sharing being the culprit for the decline in record sales, studies show that the blame should be put on the shoulders of the outdated music industry. In his article, Pay What You Like No, Really: Why Copyright Laws Should Make Digital Music Free for Noncommercial Use, James Welsh says the industry is using outdated methods in court rather than updating them. Neither consumers nor artists, however, are waiting for the existing industry to catch up (Welsh 1522). Both consumers and artists are embracing new technology and benefiting from them but the music industry is getting left behind (1523). One reason why record companies are resisting these changes is because they have a lot of money invested in the more traditional ways of distributing music. Prior to 1999 and the creation of Anapest, the system worked well but with the emergence of file sharing, the music industry is left having to play catch up (1526). In the 2005 landmark case, Grosser vs..MGM Studios, the ninth circuit court realized that the introduction of new technology is always disruptive to old markets and particularly to the copyright owners, but time and market forces often provide equilibrium in balancing interests (1521). While there are many artists who have strong opinions against file sharing, there are also those who have used file sharing to their advantage. Already, there have been numerous artists that broken free from record labels and figured out how to use technology to their advantage. One such band is Radioed. In 2007, Radioed announced they would release their newest album, In Rainbows, free of charge. On their website, there was a link to download the album next to a price box with an attached not reading: its up to you (Welsh 1495). This innovative move allowed fans to pay as little or as much as they wanted and gained the band a massive amount of publicity. The actual number of downloads is unknown but the number of downloads as at least in the hundreds of thousands. The average price people paid for the album was $4 and when the album was physically released it immediately quickly went to the top of the Billboards charts (Welsh 1496).Radioed is not the only band that it utilizing technology and discovering alternative means to music distribution to increase profits. Wilcox, a rock band based out Chicago left their record label because the label would not release their latest album. The band responded by releasing their album online for free. This gained them much popularity and created a bidding war from other record companies. Canadian Musician, Dan Smith, who calls himself Caribou, released an album in 2007 that he made only on his computer; the album made it onto the Billboard charts. Music Star M. I. A. A British immigrant from Sir Lankan, came to popularity due to trading of her early music (Welsh 1524). Embracing technology is not the only way to maintain a profit in todays forever changing technology sector. Creating a personal connection with fans is also another way that musicians are making money and it has proven to be very profitable. Jonathan Coulter quit his Job as a software developer and now makes music from is home. When he started, he flooded the internet with his music, and encouraged the fans to get involved in the distribution, creation and marketing of his songs.Because of creative commons licenses, which allow users to use his music for non of popularity as fans have created music videos and animations for his music. Some of these videos have been viewed millions of times and Scullions music gained massive amount of publicity. One of the ways that he had success was by building relationships with his fans; he would chat, blob, and tweet with his fans to create relationships with them. He eventually provided an option for fans to pay him for songs and they did, he now makes more than he did as a software developer.This is lust one example of bands finding new, exciting ways to create relationships with audiences (Tempting, Cracking the Code to Online Success). The famous New Orleans Jazz band, Panorama connects with fans in a different Nay. One can be a roadie for a day for them for $150, one can have a number to reach them at any time of the day for $1000, and one can have them play at a house party for $10,000. As lead singer Mark Mullions said, Were trying to find ways to fit in days ever changing music business climate. They are not the only ones that are doing this.Drummer John Frees offers similar opportunities. One can have a private tour of Disneyland with him for $5000, one can mingling with him and Maynard James Keenan, the lead singer of tool, for $20,000, or one can have lunch with him for $250; all three packages have sold out (Tempting, Throwing a Panorama Birthday Party). Umpires McGee, a improve rock band from Chicago, allows fans to text in ideas during concerts and the band will create a song from that. Much of their success has exulted from them creating a loyal can base and all of their shows sell out very quickly.As David Seek, Vice President of Berkeley College of Music, said, Artists should spend more time on building a community around their music and less time trying to control how it is used and People are going to steal your music anyways and there is nothing you can do about it so if you embrace it, enable it, and encourage it you will attract a more loyal fan base. He emphasizes that building relationships with audience is one of the most important aspects to marketi ng a band in todays world (Tempting, Letting Fans Direct the Band).With the current changes in technologies, the current, outdated music industry is becoming an inadequate method for distributing music. Possibilities are endless for artists to come up with new, revolutionary ways to produce and distribute their music. Past artists have found how to utilize PEP and benefit from that is what future artists need to do. Free music download sites are a great way for artists to expose their music. Also, more and more artists are reaching out to their fans in order to create a more loyal fan base in order to make profits Artists need to learn to connect Ninth their fan base in order to make money.The above lists of artists that have utilized the internet and file sharing and who have begun to connect with their fans are only a handful of artists that have begun to use these new methods. Because of the changes in technology and the unwillingness for the music industry to change, En should to rethink the current model for music distribution and embrace new methods to use technology and connect with fans in order to keep the music industry afloat. Norms Cited In Praise of PEP. Economist 373. 8404 (2004): 35-36. Academic Search Premier. Web. Management Regimes, and Criminological Theories of Compliance.